Please note this...
The Flash Compensation feature on the LX3 is not a 'TRUE' feature. It really doesn't work as it should i.e. actually increase or reduce the by the amount we actually compensate for in 1/3rd EV steps!
How do I know? I actually measured the flash output with a Flash Meter. For those who do not know, these are devices used in the old film days when we had no access to 'real time histograms' or 'instant feedback LCD previews'!!
What the LX3 does is to reduce power or increase power and the rest is achieved via an algorithm that kicks in and tweaks a gamma/tone curve to further enhance the effect of dimness/brightness.
So, is this is useful feature then? Of course it is... it is better having this feature than not having it at all. That said, negative flash compensation works better than positive flash compensation on the LX3.
|Panasonic Olympus Canon Nikon Metz Miscellaneous|
|FL220||Yes||TTL||No||2xAA||For proper TTL needs firmware update on LX3. See it here.|
|FL360E||Yes||TTL||Bounce||2xAA||Same flash as Olympus FL-36|
|FL500E||Yes||TTL||Bounce||4xAA||Same flash as Olympus FL-50|
|FL-14||Yes||TTL||No||2xAAA||Compact flash designed for Pen cameras. See it here FL-14|
|FL-20||Yes||TTL?||No||2xAA?||Small flash. See it here FL-20. Feedback reports no TTL with LX3, but OK with earlier Olympus.|
|FL-40||Yes||No||Bounce||2xAA?||Some limitations on some later cameras. See it here FL-40,|
|FL-36, -36R||Yes||TTL||Bounce||2xAA||R version = remote ability on Olympus. See it here FL-36 FL-36R|
|FL-50, -50R||Yes||TTL||Bounce||4xAA||R version = remote ability on Olympus.. See it here FL-50 FL-50R.|
|Canon TTL and E-TTL is not compatible with Panasonic/Olympus TTL, so flashes need to be used in self-auto mode.|
|A Series Flash||Yes||No||?||?||Need more info on this one....|
|270EX||No||No||Bounce||2xAA||Canon dedicated flash, will not be useful on other cameras.|
|430EX/ EX II||Manual with power adjusts||No||Bounce||4xAA||No TTL of course but works fine for manual with adjustable power settings so needs more test shots and also change settings with each distance change. Latest quieter 430EX II model here.|
|530 EX/ EX II||Yes||No||Bounce||4xAA||Waiting on confirmation, see it here.|
|580EX/ EX II||Yes||No||Bounce||4xAA||Big and heavy for those large bounce situations. See it here.|
|177A & 277T||Yes?||No||No||?||Model 277T reported as working, but these are old models and limited in operation and output. They won't cover a 24mm equivalent lens. Experiment if you like. Google for information as the old links have gone away for me.|
|Nikon TTL is not compatible with Panasonic/Olympus TTL, so flashes need to be used in self-auto mode.|
|SB-400||No||No||Bounce||2xAA||Has not got a manual mode. Nikon TTL only. See it here.|
|SB-600||No||No||Bounce||4xAA||SB-600 Nikon TTL only or selectable power output, no self-auto mode.|
|SB-22, SB-22s||Yes||No||Bounce||4xAA||SB-22 SB-22s|
|SB-28, SB-28DX||Yes||No||Bounce||4xAA||SB28 SB28DX|
|SB-30||Yes||No||No||1xCR123A||SB-30 My favourite little carry anywhere flash, has slave mode.|
|SB-50DX||No||No||Bounce||2xCR123A||SB-50DX, another Nikon TTL only flash.|
(All Metz manuals found here)
|20 C-2||Yes||No||Bounce||2xAA||Limited self auto available, set the flash for either F/2.8 or F/5.6 at ISO 100 and match that to settings in A mode (or Manual mode) on the LX3. Factor the distance the flash covers for the given settings including ISO and it works quite well. English version of manual starts on page 60|
|24 AF-1 O for Panasonic Olympus Leica||No||Yes||Bounce||2xAA||TTL only flash with plus/minus compensation on flash. Flash head swivels up only. Useful as a carry anywhere flash.|
|28 CS-2||Yes||No||Slave||2xAAA||Small slave flash, can aim to use as bounce, works with any digital camera.|
|36 AF-4 O for Panasonic Olympus Leica||Yes||Yes||Bounce||4xAA||Olympus/Panasonic dedicated TTL flash. English version of manual starts on page 68. Use in self auto mode if Nikon/Canon/Pentax model.|
|48 AF-1 for Panasonic Olympus Leica||Yes||Yes||Bounce||4xAA||Full TTL is Olympus/Panasonic compatible version. Use in self auto mode if Nikon/Canon/Pentax model. English version of manual starts on page 62.|
|58 AF-1 for Panasonic Olympus Leica||Yes||Yes||Bounce||4xAA||Full TTL if using the Olympus/Panasonic version. Use in self auto mode if Nikon/Canon/Pentax model. English at page 80 of manual.|
|60 CT-1||Yes||No||Yes||Special battery||Even though higher flash contact voltage of about 17V (or 21v as measured here), it works OK via a simple hotshoe to PC sync contact adapter, there must be a certain degree of input voltage protection. . Big flash on side bar. Page 27 of manual for English part. These big flashes can have a longer and slower output which varies from 1/200 to 1/20,000 sec so be careful with shutter speed settings when the flash is working hard near the maximum output end of its range. That warning is for LX3 and the like with in-lens shutters where usually 1/2000 second is perfectly OK for flash sync. Slower output flashes will experience under-exposure at higher shutter speeds at full output. Naturally focal plane shutters as in M4/3 cameras have different limits, some of that explained here.|
|A Metz note found, re Leica but also is same for Panasonic and Olympus||Yes||Yes||-||-||For the digital camera Leica D-Lux 4 we may recommend the following flash units:|
mecablitz 36 AF-4 O digital (Olympus/Panasonic version)
mecablitz 48 AF-1 O digital (Olympus/Panasonic version)
mecablitz 58 AF-1 O digital (Olympus/Panasonic version)
mecablitz 44 MZ-2 with an adapter SCA 3202M7.
|Work in progress below this line|
|Nissin Di466||No, but 6 manual power settings||Yes||Yes||4xAA||Buy the model for 4/3 cameras. See it here. A very interesting modern flash, read their whole page on its features. Also their compatibility chart to keep track of other Nissin flashes and their camera compatibility. No self-auto mode so limits versatility.|
|Leica SF24D, SF20D||Yes||No||Self auto mode works but no TTL. Presumably SF20D and new SF58 also works. See it here SF24D, SF20D, SF58|
|Sunpak 120||Yes||No||Can't find a technical description. Sunpak site itself is here to find current flashes.|
|Sunpak RD2000||Yes||No||For Nikon (important) SURD2000N - not bad in manual mode. See it here.|
Canon version does not work at all.
|Ricoh 300P||Yes||No||Works well in both self auto and manual modes. See it here.|
|Contax TLA-30||Yes||No||See it here. Also the TLA-20 smaller flash will work in manual with two power settings involved. See Contax flash pictures on this page. Also TLA-20 here.|
|Minolta 4000AF||Yes||No||Old style Minolta flashes evidently had a real hot-shoe that is compatible with other cameras. But check that trigger voltage first. Use in self-auto or manual.|
|Sigma EF-500 DG Super for Pentax||Yes||No||Use in self-auto or manual modes. See it here.|
|Sigma EF 530 DG Super for Pentax||Yes||No||Use in self-auto or manual modes. See it here.|
|Yes||Yes||Works OK, for sale here.|
|Cullmann 20, Rockinon DF20||Unknown||Appears to be No||More replies needed, but this bunch of same build flashes do have an Olympus compatible TTL model available which works TTL on various modern Olympus cameras but TTL appears to be unreliable on LX3. Vivitar 183 seems similar.|
|Vivitar 183||No||Yes||Yes||2xAA||Buy the Oly model for TTL compatibility. Looks similar to Metz 24 AF-1. Vivitar link.|
|Vivitar 550FD M/P/O||Yes||No||Tilt head for bounce. Image here.|
|Vivitar 283||NO and also Yes||No||Popular old flash that was made for a long time, later ones did have low trigger voltage and will be safe. You must measure that trigger voltage with a digital volt meter and only use one that shows down around 10 volts or lower (made in China or Taiwan seem to be later ones?). The old ones (probably pre-1987?) could go as high as 600 volts and destroy the camera. See it here.|
|Vivitar 273||No||No||Old flash with very high voltage on trigger contact. See various Vivitar models on this page.|
|Nissin Di28||No||No||Is dedicated TTL only model, no Panasonic/Olympus version available. See it here.|
|Minolta||No||No||The later Minolta flashes that I've seen have a totally different non standard hot-shoe so there's no way the modern Minolta flash would fit on a normal hot-shoe. Then there's the contacts, there is not a central trigger contact, it's one of 4 scattered small contacts and who knows which is which? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_shoe to see the different type of the Minolta/Sony shoe.|
|In summary, if the trigger voltage is low and the flash has some sort of self auto or manual setting, then it is worth a try.|
Of course some flashes will not provide the required coverage for 24mm setting, but will be good further up the camera zoom range.
Always select a fixed ISO setting to experiment, Auto ISO may confuse things. Camera in Manual mode allows a greater range of shutter speeds and is recommended.