PARACHEMICA
Volume 4: Number 3 Autumn 1980




One of the most famous of the alchemical and Hermetic philosophers, was Paracelsus, who was born on the 14th of November 482 years ago. Paracelsus who was also a physician, dedicated his life to relieving the sufferings of a sick humanity. The advanced knowledge and understanding of this great man is not as yet recognized by the world but continues to be an inspirational landmark for aspiring students of alchemy even today.


Editorial: The Cause Self & The Result Self
Astrology and the Four Elements
Separation in the Microcosm
Astronomy for Astrologers VI

Parachemica Contents


EDITORIAL: THE CAUSE SELF & THE RESULT SELF

The great proportion of people on Earth believe themselves fundamentally to be victims of the circumstances in which they find themselves.

People usually believe things just "happen" to them a bad "flu"; a nasty "whiplash" road accident; a delinquent child; a large win on the "Pools"; an unfortunate burglary, etc.

People also believe that they get angry, depressed, badly "hurt", jealous, resentful, very excited - because "he or she did this to me" or the Unions or Government did it, or "the Stock Market is very low at the moment", etc.

The fact is we are victims only when we identify with the Ego, Lower or Result Self.

While we are locked into the conditioned belief patterns of the Result Self we are trapped by our emotional reactions and what the world appears to do to us. This is victim consciousness.

Only when we start to see that our circumstances and negative emotions result directly from false belief patterns, then we can work on changing our beliefs.

We have a Cause Self, our True Self which recognizes our false beliefs if we can but begin to listen and stop identifying with the Result Self. Given a chance the Cause Self will reveal to us a whole new belief structure which will release us from what we see as external circumstances, opening unsuspected potentials as we take steps to identify with the unlimited Cause Self, that God within us all with whom we must learn to converse if we really want to break out and grow.


"To know means to know all.
Not to know all means not to know.
To know all it is necessary to know very little;
but to know this little,
it is first necessary to know pretty much."

- G. I. Gurdjieff.


ASTROLOGY AND THE FOUR ELEMENTS

THE HOLISTIC BASIS OF ASTROLOGY

Astrology is a language of symbols which can be used as a way of reuniting man with his innermost self, with nature, and with the evolutionary process of the universe. it is essentially holistic, in that it sees the entire universe as one whole system, and that, within the great whole. there are lesser wholes, whose structures, patterns and functions correspond completely to those of the greater whole. "As above, so below." In the words of Emerson, "The Laws by which the Universe is organized reappear at every point and will rule it."

Astrology is thus a way of understanding the order inherent in all life, and a tool which can help us toward self-knowledge. It is not a technique for fortunetelling or the prediction of definite events, but rather a way of understanding the significance of inner experience. Even the "predictive techniques" of transits and progressions are essentially a guide to reveal the influences affecting us so that we may more easily work in harmony with these influences, and come to terms with the meaning of new experiences.

OUR RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR EXPERIENCES

Too often, in popular books and magazines, astrology is used as a simplistic justification for imbalances and negative behaviour. Mars in Aries can indicate anger (as well as impulsiveness and strong energy) but it is not an excuse to indulge in anger. It is a guideline, revealing a potential strength and weakness. We are not victims of these planetary influences is our responsibility to understand them and to work on ourselves, progressively freeing ourselves from identifying with our negative traits.

The Law of Karma (action and reaction) necessitates that we attract the experiences essential for our growth, and that if we fail to understand the significance of an experience, it will be repeated again and again, in different ways, until it is grasped. Thus a strong Sun/Saturn aspect (particularly a conjunction, square or opposition) is likely to cause an individual to experience continuing struggles (inhibitions, insecurity, self-conflict and problems with vitality). Saturn is called "The Tester", yet also "The Redeemer", for if one learns, little by little, through the struggles, one becomes more in touch with one's true self, more in harmany with the planets, and less subject to the illusion of "maya", the illusion that we commonly call reality.

LEARNING: RESISTANCE OR HARMONY

Learning need not be painful. As Paul Solomon says, it is only when there is resistance to growth that there is pain. When one is in harmony with the learning process then it can be joyful. It is interesting to consider the "Saturn Return" in this light. This occurs when the transiting Saturn conjuncts the natal Saturn in one's birth chart. Since the revolution of Saturn around the Sun takes approximately 29.5 years, the Saturn Return is experienced at the age of 29.5, 59 and again at 88.5 (if one is still corporeal at this age). For many individuals the return of Saturn is a crucial time, often coinciding with a painful breakdown of belief structures, value systems and relationships. However it need not be like this. If one has already begun making progress on the path of self-understanding, the return of Saturn may just strengthen this work.

THE CONSCIOUSNESS FACTOR

The identical planetary aspect (or birth chart) can manifect very differently in the lives of two individuals, depending on the level of consciousness with which they deal with their experience. Thus a Venus/ mars square aspect in his natal chart may influence an individual to seek gratification through continual sexual encounters. Another person may develop the highly loving, creative powers of Venus, which, expressed through the energy of Mars, enables him to love passionately and deeply, or to be artistically creative.

THE FOUR ELEMENTS

The Law of the Four Elements is an important key in understanding the emphasis in a chart. Many contemporary astrologers, even those calling themselves "traditional" in their approach, concentrate on aspects and pay only superficial attention to the elements. There is an increasing group, however, of astrologers who have been' deeply influenced by Jung, Carter and Rudhyar, who see the birth chart in a holistic way and who are aware of the fundamental significance of the elements. In theit view, the Four Elements are not merely Osymbols" or abstract concepts, but rather refer to the vital forces that make up the entire creation that can be perceived by the physin-al senses. They also represent specific types of consciousness and perception, and reveal the ability to experience certain realms of being and to tune in to specific fields of life experience.

Frater Albertus teaches five laws of astrology. of these, the fourth law is the major key, the Law of the Four Elements.

The Fire triangle links Aries, Leo and Sagittarius The Earth triangle links Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn The Air triangle links Gemini, Libra and Aquarius and The Water triangle links Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces.

THE ELEMENTS AND PLANETARY ASPECTS

An understanding of the elements helps us to under stand aspects (or energy connections between planets). An exact trine, 120o aspect, is passive or harmonious because it joins planets in the same element, whereas as exact square is active, growth-producing (and often difficult) because it connects planets in incompatible elements. Because of the orbs allowed when calculating an aspect, a trine may occur between two planets in in compatible elements, e.g. Sun 1o Capricorn and Moon 29o Aries. There is an orb here of 2o. It is still a trine, and still harmonious, but not as beneficial as a trine in the same element.

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE ELEMENTS

Fire and Air are considered active or positive, and Water and Earth are passive and receptive or negative. (The use of the words "positive" and "negative" in this sense does not mean "good" or "bad".)

THE FOUR SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONSCIOUSNESS

The element Fire refers to ENERGY, and the fire signs exemplify high spirits, confidence in themselves, enthusiasm, inspiration, strength and a direct honesty. They may also be willful and impatient.

The element Air is compatible with Fire, and it refers to the MIND. Air signs see reality in terms of ideas, theories, concepts, thought and opinions, and can lack deep emotion.

The element Water refers to EMOTION, feeling re sponses and sensitivity. At their highest, water signs can be psychically intuitive, and at their lowest, subject to compulsive desires, fears and emotional in stability.

The element Earth is compatible with Water and refers to the PHYSICAL SENSES, the body, and the reality of the material world. Earth signs rely on practical reason and are usually more patient, cautious and selfdisciplined than the other signs, but can also lack imagination and be unable to deal with the abstract realms.

THE ELEMENTS AND THE "PERSONAL POINTS" OF THE BIRTH CHART

It is very important to consider the elements of the "personal points", the Sun sign, Moon and Ascendant, then Mars, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter and Saturn, and lastly the trans-Saturnian lanets. For a detailed discussion of these and also the elements of the houses, it is valuable to consu lt the book Astrology, Psychology and the Four Elements, written by Stephen Arroyo.

The element of the Sun sign (e.g. the Sun in Taurus is in the element Earth) reveals the attunement of one's basic vitality and the fundamental quality of one's consciousness. It also helps to show what is "real" to the "for it is the unconscious assumption of what individual, is particularly real and what isn't that determines how the person will focus his energy." The fire signs are motivated by their inspirations and aspirations, the earth signs by their material needs, the air signs by intellectual concepts, and the water signs by their deepest emotional yearnings.

The element of our Sun sign is the source of our basic vitality, and the power which enables us to revitalize ourselves in order to cope with the stresses and demands of daily life. If we are "out of our element" in our work or activities, we begin to feel depleted and lose self-confidence.

The Moon relates to the unconscious, so the element of the Moon sign will indicate inner drives and desires, also instinctual reactions.

The Ascendant influences the way we deal with our environment, the way we project ourselves and the immediate impressions that others may have of us.

To Look at an example, a woman with her Sun in Scorpio (a water sign) Moon in Libra (air) and Capricorn Ascendant (earth) may seem on the surface, because of the Ascendant, to be at ease with the demands of practical reality, but the intensely emotional Sun (water element) will be more fundamental to her sense of reality and she will also experience the more unconscious, instinctual drive of the Moon to evaluate everything objectively, be detached and think before acting. (air element) In this example, the woman would feel some conflict because air and water are not compatible elements - water wanting emotional expression and air wanting to stop and think first.

BALANCE OF THE FOUR ELEMENTS

In looking at birth charts, often two elements prevail, or there is too much emphasis on one element in particular, or an element may be completely lacking. Whatever the case may be, it is important that we express our strengths and work to consciously cultivate the qualities and attunements we lack. This means that if we are basically an air/water person, we should continue to express ourself through thoughts and emotions, but also be aware of the energy and direction of fire, and the practical material strength of earth, and try to be open to the validity of these elements.

"TO IDENTIFY, OR TO WATCH, THAT IS THE QUESTION"

There is a part of our mind that can be called "The Watchman". Usually we identify with our thoughts and emotions to such an extent that we even say "I am happy" or "I think such and such". If however we can detach ourselves and stand back from the drama of our own egos, we can see that it is really more accurate to say, "My emotions are happy" or "My mind has had a thought, for that part of us that watches is not the ego.

If we try to use the technique of "The Watchman" as often as possible, we begin to see the habitual play of physical senses, energy states, thoughts and emotions, and it is very clear which elements we are attuned to and which we have limited understanding of. This is not a repressive technique, but simply a means of self-observation, which can work with our understanding of astrology to assist our growth towards wholeness.

From the still point at the centre
which is Unity
Springs forth the four corners of diversity
Fire, Earth, Air and Water which,
in perfect balance
Are One.

-Lenni Foster

References :
1. Stephen Arroyo Astrology, Psychology_and the Four Elements CRCS Publication USA 1975
2. Paul Solomon Dynamic Meditation Workshop, Melbourne 1979

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It is easier to produce volumes of philosophical writing than to put one principle into practice.
Anonymous.


SEPARATION IN THE MICROCOSM

From the Prima Class we have learnt that the 3 essential steps of the Alchemical process are:

1. SEPARATION
2. PURIFICATION
3. COHOBATION

We are all familiar with what this means in the physical laboratory, particularly in dealing with the herbal kingdom, but it will also prove useful to try and understand what these 3 processes mean in the Microcosm.

By the Microcosm, I mean Man himself, the inner Man, his soul or consciousness.

The Macrocosm being all that which lies outside of the body of Man.

It is essential to understand and Work the 3 steps in the Microcosm and Macrocosm simultaneously

Since if one aspires to the perfection of the Philosopher's Stone, it cannot be made materially in the Macrocosm until one becomes The Stone in the Microcosm.

Now what do these steps mean in the Microcosm?

SEPARATION in the Microcosm means the removal of our identification of Self with our ego and the identification of Self with our source or God.

Thus the separation is from our ego or that part of us which identifies with the duality of the material world with its associated beliefs and emotions.

Paradoxically, this separation leads to a union. When operating from the Divided or Higher Self there is no identification with negative emotions or with prejudicial belief structures and the Self can then operate in the material world with clear sight (clairvoyance) and True Objectivity and thus with True Action. When one is in this state of consciousness, it could be said that one is in this world but is not of this world.

How do we achieve this Separation?

The answer from many sources of wisdom is predominantly by SELF-OBSERVATION.

This of course can take many forms and is practised by all religions in a great variety of disciplines of the mind, body and emotions.

These methods attempt to contact, utilize, evoke and develop the Higher Self within, at the same time quieting the emotions and beliefs of the Reactional Self or Ego.

A simple approach to self-observation is the exercise of the "Watchman" as described by Ouspensky, whereby one attempts each day to separate or stand aside from oneself and the World as a Watcher or observer. Ouspensky called this Self-remembering.

Its characteristic feature being the division of attention. He presented this in the following way:

"When I observe something, my attention is directed towards what I observe - a line with one arrowhead:

I ---------------> the observed phenomena

When at the same time, I try to remember myself, my attention is directed both towards the object observed and towards myself. A second arrowhead appears on the line:

I <--------------> the observed phenomena

Having defined this I saw that the problem consisted in directing attention on oneself without weakening or obliterating the attention directed on something else. Moreoever this 'something else' could as well be within me as outside me."

The "Watchman" exercise may also be performed in the following way:

Let the body come in view (that is, become aware of the feet on the ground, the back against the seat, the breathing in the chest, the tension in the neck, the activity of the hands, etc.)

Let the awareness open out (i.e., be aware of all the senses, the sights and sounds all around, the smells and general feeling of the total environment). maintain this dual awareness of the self and environment Tor as long as possible. This causes the ceaseless activity of the mind and emotions to fall silent. Initially it is very difficult to maintain this attention of self-observation for more than a minute or two.

However, even regular attempts at this brings increased awareness of the way we think and the origin of our emotions. This observation will reveal how we are controlled by habitual and automatic thought, belief and emotional patterns which have no basis in reality; that we are quite enslaved by much of our conditioned beliefs and have no consistent Will but instead many little wills which each take control over us at different times according to what particular belief or associated emotion is in control at that time. Practise of the exercise as a conscious Witness during relating with others can also be very enlightening, particularly when we follow through as to why we acted or reacted in such a way to such an interaction with another.

Equally, observation of the outside World shows us the perpetual interplay of opposing factors in the world of duality of Nature and Man's affairs of politics and power, diverse cultures and religions, Unions and employers, Science and the Arts, physical laws, etc. Such observation can quickly teach us not to identify with such duality or the fashion of the day.

Another modern teacher, Paul Solomon, shows a selfobservation process for dealing with emotion. His precept is that all negative emotion arises solely because of an associated false belief. His technique is to detect the "trigger" at the point of the arising of the emotion. The "trigger" encounter will show what belief is being challenged to cause the emotion. The growth value of this technique lies in being able to rid oneself of the belief which then eliminates the emotional response. Unfortunately, most of us are full of irrational belief which is the basis of all our fears, jealousies, hurts, pride and vanity, anger and depression.

These beliefs and negative emotions lock us into the world of the Reactional Self; into the world of duality and subjectivity. One belief can only be held at the expense of its opposite. To quote John Bennett "If we become a little more free from the mutual exclusion of opposites and, instead of being at one pole or the other either being attracted or repelled, we will experience the force between them in ourselves. This is the force of life that lifts us out of the mechanical life and it is for this that the Reactional Self exists.

Only when the opposites can be experienced together in us can we begin to be aware of our own human nature. This nature that we have is something with enormous depth and if we are caught by our reactions we are condemned to live only a surface existence; but if we can use the force of our reactions we have a way of penetrating to what lies within us. The rightful place of the Reactional Self is that of a generator of energies and the combination of opposites is that condition of transformation in which higher grades of energy can be produced Just as with electricity it is impossible to generate a current unless we have learnt how to separate the positive and negatives poles, so it is only when we have learnt how to separate the positive and negative forces of our Reactional Self that we can gain from our activites a source of energy for our inner work."

The above illustration of the Devil, the Tarot card representing Ayin, the 26th Path, of the Tree of Life of the QBL is none other than the Reactional Self. The 26th Path passes from Hod (Mercury) to Tiphareth (Sun), from the analytical mind of Mercury to the Higher Self of the Sun. It is a path of overcoming the duality of the analytical mind.

Although outwardly formidable, the goat of the world has no real power to keep man from his heavenly destiny.

There is no devil except of man's creation, and here it is evident that men are chained by their own wrong choices. However, the chains about their necks are loose and can be removed at will, by separating the 'Yes' and 'No'.

"A vivid life is one in which there is 'yes' and 'no' at the same time; affirmation and denial.

When it is like that, the Reactional Self is the seat of an organ of perception of vast power which can help us to live our lives fully and to share in the lives of others.

Far from leading to additional suffering, this way of life releases us from a great amount of unnecessary suffering."

This is what Gurdjieff meant when he said, "Sacrifice your suffering".

We have to come to realize that what comes out of the sensitive interaction we have with the conditions of life is not what we are but the energy that we can use to be.

One particular aid we were given in the Prima class to help us in the process of separation and the formation of the higher, Divided self, was the traditional seven cardinal vices and virtues, with the aim of transforming the vices into the virtues. To the superficial observer this admonition may appear even trite and laughable.

Let's look at our triangle again. Here again, we are not talking about changing, for example, Pride into Humility, but rather transforming pride and humility into True pride, which is also True humility. Thus we are seeking the Pride which is Humility and the Humility which is Pride.

We should be proud if we are called to be sons of God, but it is false pride to ascribe to ourselves qualities that we do not have. Likewise the same reasoning is operative with the other vices and virtues - there is false charity and True charity, etc. The True occurs when 'yes' and 'no' are both operating simultaneously, when there is a separation from identification with either pole.

This separation from the poles is thus a synthesis for the Divided self via transformation of polarity (see diagram again).

Finally, let us look at the Tree of Life of the QBL in order to further illustrate this process of separation. The fundamental teaching of the QBL is the Law of Polarity and how it is used in evolution and finally itself overcome.

The Tree of the QBL is nothing but an embodiment of the Law of Polarity, its extensions and higher laws.

I want to focus on the lower cross of 'the Tree' particularly since this cross represents in the Microcosm the four elements in the being of Man and the four aspects of Jungian psychology.

Here above we see the Microcosm of the self represented on the lower "Tree". In relating this diagram to the previous one, Hod, Yesod and Netzach become the field of the Reactional Self, and through the balancing development of One Will, a separation of identification with these 3 aspects of self is achieved so that the self then becomes centred in Tiphareth, the Divided or Higher Self.

The role of Will, Faith and Grace will be discussed in a following article on Purification.

-Don Foster


ASTRONOMY FOR ASTROLOGERS VI

PERIGEE AND APOGEE

The Moon's orbit of the Earth observes the same law of equal areas as the Earth in its orbit of the Sun. The Moon's distance from the Earth, and speed in its orbit, varies. It is nearest to the Earth at perigee, farthest at apogee. At perigee the Moon's rate of motion in its orbit is fastest, at apogee slowest. The student will be interested to check this phenomenon with Raphael's Ephemerides. Since 1899 the perigee and apogee times of the Moon have been listed annually.

As an example, the Moon was in apogee 2nd January 1965, and the distance it covered in longitude was 11o47'.

Just after midnight 16th-17th January the Moon was in perigee, and for the 24 hours from noon 16th to noon 17th we find the Moon's motion in longitude was as much as 15o14'.

The moon's average maximum distance (apogee) from the Earth is about 252,000 miles; at perigee 225,000 miles; mean distance around 239,000 miles.

LUNATION PHASES

The sidereal month defines the Moon's period of revolution with respect to the stars; the nodical month defines the interval required by the Moon to orbit the Earth from one node back to the same node; the synodic month defines the interval between two successive New Moons. The relationship in mean solar time between these three lunar periods is:

1 synodic month = 29.53 days
1 sidereal month = 27.32 days
1 nodical month = 27.21 days


Fig.4 Difference Between Moon's Synodic Period and Sidereal Period

Fig.4 shows the reason for the difference between a sidereal month and a synodic month being as much as two days. For our example, let us say the sidereal and synodic months both begin at the New Moon when the Earth is in position A in its orbit. When the Earth has moved to position B the Moon has completed exactly one synodic month, with respect to the Sun. Yet it would have been more that two days earlier that the position of the Moon with respect to the stars, as seen from the Earth was repeated, completing a sidereal month.

The synodic month or period is more familiarly known to astrologers as a lunation. This cycle of the Moon begins at New Moon, when the Sun and Moon are in direct line, or conjunction, viewed from the Earth. The four familiar phases of the lunation are shown in Fig.5.

A. New Moon (Sun conjunction Moon)
C. First Quarter (Sun square Moon)
E. Full Moon (Sun opposition)
G. Last Quarter (Sun square Moon)

The letters B,D,F,H represent the intermediate points between the four principle phases. Thus, the inner partially-shaded circles show the Moon in eight successive positions, or 45o arcs called octants. Outside these circles, the corresponding figures show the appearance of the Moon as we see it in the sky at each octant. Of course, at A or New Moon (completely black square) we never see the Moon at night-contrary to the popular belief expressed by poets and songwriters! - since our satellite is then close to the Sun and at night they would both be below the horizon. At E the Moon appears full, because it is on thre opposite side of the Earth to the Sun. At the quarters, C and G, only half the Moon's disc is visible, ie., the half facing the Sun. Between A and C and G and A less than half the disc is illuminated by the Sun, and we speak of the crescent Moon. Between C and E, and E and G, more than half the Moon can be seen and at these stages the Moon's appearance is said to be gibbous. The same term is applied to the planets at similar stages in their synodic period.

At both conjunction and opposition the Moon is said to be in syzygy.


Fig.5 The Moons's Phases


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